Fergana Valley expanded across Central Asia, becoming an important part of the North Silk Road that has historically linked China to the west. The Tien-Shan mountains towards north and Gissar-Allai to the south, Ferghana valley is a region of stunning natural beauty. Despite the relatively dry climate, the valley boasts green and fertile plain growth with the water source from Naryn Rivers and Kara Darya, which meet near Namangan to form the Syr Darya.
The climate in Ferghana Valley is continental with moderately cold winters and hot summers, low rainfall, particularly in the western part of the valley. The main river is Syr Darya, which flows along the northern edge of the valley. Meanwhile, other rivers are entirely used for watering, and there are several major watering canals that include the Bolshoy (Great), Yuzhny (Southern), and Severny (Northern) Fergana canals.
The Fergana Valley is among the densely populated areas of Central Asia and a major producer of cotton, fruit, and raw silk. The types of mineral deposits exploited are coal, oil, mercury, antimony, and ozokerite. The main cities are Khujand, Kokand (Quqŏn), Fergana, Marghilon, Andijon, and Namangan. The valley was conquered by the Arabs in the 8th century, by Genghis Khan in the 13th, and by Timur (Tamerlane) in the 14th. The Khans of Kokand ruled it from the late 18th century until it was taken by Russia in 1876.
Ferghana Valley is the place for you if you hold a strong liking for crafts. Margilan, the center of Uzbekistan’s silk weaving industry, tour to handmade craft factories and the delightful and colour filled bazaars to shops are a must. Rishton is famous for most of its Uzbekistan’s stunning ceramics. For more options of handicrafts and souvenirs to bring back home, Chust is a place to visit for handmade knives and skullcaps. At Kosonsoy, you can meet some of the Valley’s best woodworkers and experience the process of making wood crafts.
If you are planning to head down to the Fergana valley, the train is the best way to travel to the Fergana Valley. The daily train of Ozbekistan leaves from Tashkent at 08:07 AM and follows the Kokand route. Margilon and Andijon is a 4-5 hours journey. Train from Andijon then returns to Tashkent at 16:00 PM.
There are also shared taxies from Tashkent’s Severnij Vokzal or Qoylok bazaar to destinations in the Fergana Valley which takes about 5-6 hours.