Towards the northeastern part of Uzbekistan, you will find the main capital city of Uzbekistan known as “Tashkent” or “Toshkent”
that lay at Chirchik river basin. Despite the fact that Uzbekistan is mainly a Muslim country, Tashkent is also home to people of
various ethnic groups such as the Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Armenians, Russians and many more. Ever since the ancient times, Tashkent has
always been the metropolis hub of the Great Silk Road and Central Asia, linking the east to the west and the north with the south.
Tashkent is a very unique and special city in that it feels like a mishmash of five different cities together into one. You will
be able to see traces of various different architecture, some of them showed off the traditional uzbek design while others showed
Soviet Russian architecture. Tashkent has numerous beautiful historical sites that would take your breath away, however, as
Tashkent is also a very modern city, it also has numerous parks, fountains, statues, restaurants, hotels, malls and many more.
Believe it or not, Tashkent was not always called Tashkent. The city had gone through a number of name changes all throughout
history. In pre-Islamic times, the city was originally named as “Chach” which later became “Chachkand”. The name would change
again to “Binkath” in the middle of the 7th century during the Samanid Dynasty. Eventually, the name “Tashkent” was chosen as it
had more meaning to the new inhabitants of the city. The name “Tashkent” can be translated to “Stone City”.
Throughout history, Tashkent had come into the ruling and possession of numerous groups or factions. The city came into the
possession of the Arabs at the start of the 8th century. The Mongols would eventually take control of the city in the 13th
century before being captured by the Russians in the 19th century. Disaster struck in 1966 as a massive and destructive
earthquake had hit the city and left it in a crippled state, the “Monument of Courage” was erected and dedicated to all of the
men and women that had tragically lost their lives in the incident. After the earthquake, a bunch of Soviet construction workers
came in to assist with the reconstruction of the city which is why you will see that a number of the buildings will have a Soviet
flair to them.
After gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, President Islam Karimov took over with his regime and was critised for
his rule. The country had been very secretive up to 2016, after the passing of Karimov, several political and economic reforms
were made and freedom of expression as well as travel restrictions are now easing up.